英语关系代词的分析和使用方法

2019-02-26 12:03:37 来源: bingfree

【常见的关系代词有哪些】

今天我们一起来整理一下关系代词(Relative Pronouns):

who,whose,whom,that,which

关系代词是用来引导定语从句的代词,关系代词指代先行词,同时在从句中作一定的句子成分。

关系代词有主格、宾格和所属格(所有格)之分,还有指人与指物之分。
 

关系代词的具体用法:

1、关系代词引导定语从句,指代先行词且紧跟在先行词后面,同时在从句中作一定的句子成分,例如:

The boy who wrote to me yesterday is Totti.

昨天给我写信的那个男孩是托蒂。

句中“who”指代先行词“the boy”,在从句中作主语。

The girl whom I spoke to is Susan’s sister.

跟我说话的女孩是苏珊的妹妹。

句中“whom”指代先行词“the girl”,在从句中作宾语。

The lady whose hair is golden is Miss Black.

那个金发女士是布莱克小姐。

句中“whose”指代先行词“the lady”,在从句中作定语。

This is the bike whose bell is broken.

这就是那辆坏了铃铛的自行车。

句中“whose”指代先行词“the bike”,在从句中作定语。

Did you see the book which I bought yesterday?

你看见我昨天买的那本书了吗?

句中“which”指代先行词“the book”,在从句中作宾语。

Lily is not the girl that she was before.

莉莉已经不是过去的她了。

句中“that”指代先行词“the girl”,在从句中作表语。

The story that I read just now is very interesting.

我刚刚读的故事很有趣。

句中“that”指代先行词“the story”,在从句中作宾语。
 

通过书本上的知识就可以学好关系代词2、关系代词“who,whom,which,that”在从句中作宾语或表语时通常可以省略。例如上面的例句:

The girl (whom) I spoke to is Susan’s sister.

跟我说话的女孩是苏珊的妹妹。

句中“whom”在从句中作宾语,可以省略。

Did you see the book which I bought yesterday?

你看见我昨天买的那本书了吗?

句中“which”在从句中作宾语,可以省略。

Lily is not the girl (that) she was before.

莉莉已经不是过去的她了。

句中“that”在从句中作表语,可以省略。

The story (that) I read just now is very interesting.

我刚刚读的故事很有趣。

句中“that”在从句中作宾语,可以省略。

3、关系代词不能用“that”的情况有:

1)、介词后面的关系代词不能用“that”,例如:

The book from which I read the story was bought yesterday.

这本书是昨天买的,我在书里读到了这个故事。

The boy to whom I talked is my boyfriend.

跟我说话的男孩是我的男朋友。

2)、非限制性定语从句中,关系代词不能用“that”,例如:

Our maths teacher, who is a handsome man, is good at cooking.

我们的数学老师,一个英俊的男人,擅长于烹饪。

Mr Lee, from whom I have learned a lot, is our maths teacher.

李先生是我们的数学老师,我从他那儿学了许多东西。

That peach tree, which I planted 5 years ago, have not borne any fruit.

这棵桃树是我五年前栽的,还没有结过果实。

4、关系代词只能用“that”的情况有:

1)、当先行词既有人,又有物时,关系代词只能用“that”,例如:

John asked about the factories and workers that he had visited.

约翰询问了他拜访过的工厂和工人的情况。

句中先行词是“the factories and workers”,所以关系代词只能用“that”。

2)、当先行词为all, any, little, few, much, none, everything, anything, nothing等不定代词时,关系代词只能用“that”,例如:

All that I have is yours.

凡是我所拥有的都是你的。

I will support everything that you do.

我会支持你所做的一切。

Is there anything that I can do for you?

需要我为您做什么吗?

There is nothing that we can do now.

我们现在什么也做不了。

推荐阅读
取消
孙莉英语
孙莉英语网,一家专注一对一外教的英语培训网站