状语前置倒装的两种类型

2019-02-26 12:03:24 来源: bingfree

状语前置倒装的两种类型

  在英语中,主语通常放在谓语的前面,如:The boystands【at the door】.即主语----谓语----地点状语,符合英语信息的组织规则。但有时为了突出强调句子的某一部分,就要对句子的语序进行变动,如:【At the door】standsa boy, 即地点状语------谓语-----主语,把主语就放在了信息中心的位置。下面是装语前置的两种类型。
 

一、脱离性倒装:状语前置+助动词前置+主语+其它部分

  有的状语对谓语动词有时不是必不可少的信息,去掉句子意思仍然完整,可以和谓语动词在位置上脱离。如:You can solve the problem in this way, 去掉in this way后,You can solve the problem意思仍然完整。所以,状语前置倒装是:<In this way<can you solve the problem. 这里把助动词can也前置,即can you而不是you can,,形成双重前置的强烈效果,既强调了状语,又平衡了句式。如:

1. Only+条件状语(从句)前置

<Only when I was 18<didI realize the importance of study.
 

2.否定状语前置

<Never<willI believe in the man who once hurt me.

No soonerhadI reached my house than the phonerang.

Not only didhe attend the meeting, but also he putforward a proposal.
 

3.程度状语前置

< So fast <did he run that I couldn’t catch up with him.

Such a difficult job doeshe do that he often feels tired.
 

4.承接性状语前置(承接前一句话的意思)

He doesn’tlike learning English,< neither<doI.

He likesEnglish, <so<do I.
 

5.让步状语从句中的成分前置

<Child though/as the boy is, he knows a lot.

注意:有引导词的从句一般是陈述式,所以仍是the boy is,而不是isthe boy.
 

二、紧贴性倒装:状语+动词+主语

  有些状语和谓语动词的关系很密切,和动词分开后,意义会显得松散,甚至引起歧义。紧贴性状语有时间、地点和位置移动状语,动词一般是不带宾语的不及物动词或be动词。如在”The boyrushed【out】”中,out直接修饰动词rushed,表示其运动的方向,位置上和rushed紧密相连,在前置倒装中也要紧贴一起,即<【Out】rushedthe boy.如果借助于助动词前置倒装,即Outdid the boy rush, out与rushed的距离较远,有修饰did的嫌疑。所以要把这类状语紧贴动词进行前置倒装,如:
 

1. <Down camethe rain and <up wentthe umbrellawhich belonged to Tom..

2. <Then camethe news that we have won the match.

3. <Standing at the door wasmy head teacherwho is kindhearted.
 

注:紧贴型状语前置倒装是为了把名词性主语放在句末,信息重点在主语上,便于对主语加工处理,上面例句中就用从句对句末主语进行修饰。所以,主语是代词时,主谓的语序经常不变。

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