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新概念英语第三册:Lesson 14 A noble gangster

发布时间:2020-10-16 20:41:41 阅读数:


小朋友们是否对口语练习和听力的训练感到迷惘?听和说本就是一体的,谁也离不开谁,在练习听力的时候,跟着文章一起读的同时也是锻炼自己口语水平的好机会。

这次太阳abc为小朋友们准备了《新概念英语》。每一个课时都有一个问题需要小朋友们认真听完录音后回答。小编希望小朋友们在听懂录音的时候也可以跟着录音一起读,从而提高自己的口语水平。这篇文章的主题叫做“贵族歹徒”小朋友们快跟着我一起来学习吧!



Lesson 14 A noble gangster

贵族歹徒

Listen to the tape then answer the question below.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

How did Hawkwood make money in times of peace?

There was a time when the owners of shops and businesses in Chicago had to pay large sums of money to gangsters in return for 'protection'.

曾经有一个时期,芝加哥的店主和商行的老板们不得不拿出大笔的钱给歹徒以换取'保护'。

If the money was not paid promptly, the gangsters would quickly put a man out of business by destroying his shop.

如果交款不及时,歹徒们就会很快捣毁他的商店,让他破产。

Obtaining 'protection money' is not a modern crime.

榨取'保护金'并不是一种现代的罪恶行径。

As long ago as the fourteenth century, an Englishman, Sir John Hawkwood, made the remarkable discovery

早在14世纪,英国人约翰.霍克伍德就有过非凡的发现:

that people would rather pay large sums of money than have their life work destroyed by gangsters.

'人们情愿拿出大笔的钱,也不愿毕生的心血毁于歹徒之手。

Six hundred years ago, Sir John Hawkwood arrived in Italy with a band of soldiers and settled near Florence.

600年前,约翰.霍克伍德爵士带着一队士兵来到意大利,在佛罗伦萨附近驻扎下来,

He soon made a name for himself and came to be known to the Italians as Giovanni Acuto.

很快就出了名。意大利人叫他乔凡尼.阿库托。

Whenever the Italian city-states were at war with each other,

每次意大利各城邦之间打伏,

Hawkwood used to hire his soldiers to princes who were willing to pay the high price he demanded.

霍克伍德便把他的士兵雇佣给愿给他出高价的君主。

In times of peace, when business was bad, Hawkwood and his men would march into a city-state and,

和平时期,当生意萧条时,霍克伍德便带领士兵进入某个城邦,

after burning down a few farms, would offer to go away if protection money was paid to them.

纵火烧毁一两个农场,然后提出,如向他们缴纳保护金,他们便主动撤离。

Hawkwood made large sums of money in this way.

霍克伍德用这种方法挣了大笔钱。

In spite of this, the Italians regarded him as a sort of hero.

尽管如此,意大利人还是把他视作某种英雄。

When he died at the age of eighty, the Florentines gave him a state funeral

他80岁那年死去时,佛罗伦萨人为他举行了国葬,

and had a picture painted which was dedicated to the memory of 'the most valiant soldier and most notable leader, Signor Giovanni Haukodue'.

并为他画像以纪念这位“骁勇无比的战士、杰出的领袖乔凡尼.阿库托先生”。
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