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高一英语词汇:make用法要点归纳

发布时间:2020-10-17 11:40:05 阅读数:

make一词对于高中生来说并不陌生,初中时期已经有所接触make用法,上了高中的我们需要深化了解和巩固。今天太阳abc为大家带来make用法。
 
1. 用作使役动词,表示“使”,后接不定式的复合结构作宾语时,不定式不能带 to;但是,若make为被动语态,则不定式必须带to。如:

Though he had often made his little sister cry, today he was made to cry by his little sister. 虽然他曾经常把他小妹妹弄哭,但今天他被他小妹妹弄哭了。

注意,若make不表示“使”,而表示其他意思则情况不同,比如下面两句,make后的不定式不是宾语补足语,而是目的状语:

We make candles to give light. 我们做蜡烛照明。

He made a box to put his money in. 他做了个盒子来装钱。

2. 其后除可接不带to的不定式作宾语补足语外,还可以接以下成分:

(1) 接过去分词作宾语补足语。如:

He tried to make his ideas known. 他设法让别人知道他的想法。

She had to shout to make herself heard. 她必须大声喊才能让人听见她说话。

注意,其后通常不接现在分词作宾语补足语。如:

他让司机在外面等他。

误:He made the driver waiting for him outside.

正:He had the driver waiting for him outside.

(2) 接形容词作宾语补足语。如:

Have I made myself clear? 我的意思说清楚了吗?

We’ll do our best to make you happy. 我们会尽一切努力使你幸福。

(3) 接介词短语作宾语补足语。如:

Sit down and make yourself at home. 请坐,不要拘束。

3. 有时可用作连系动词,表示“成为”“变成”等。如:

She would have made an excellent teacher. 她本可以成为杰出的教师。

That will make a good ending to the book. 那就成了这本书很好的结尾。

4. 以下各表达中的 make 在译成中文较灵活,需注意:

make tea(泡茶),make money(赚钱),make the train(赶上火车),make the party(参加聚会),make 20 miles in an hour(一小时走20英里),等。

5. 用于“be made+介词”:

(1) 比较 be made of 与 be made from:两者均表示“由……制成”,但前者通常表示在制成品中还看得出原材料,而后者则通常表示在制成品中看不出原材料。如:

The chair is made of wood. 这椅子是用木头做的。

Some paper is made from wood. 有些纸是用木头做的。

但是,在现代英语中有时不完全按此区分。

(2) 比较 be make out of 与 be made into:前者表示“由……制成”,后者表示“制成……”。两者有时可互换,并且根据情况也可与上面两个句型互换(注意词序的变化)。如:

Rice can be made into wine. 米可以酿成酒。

Wine can be made out of [from] rice. 酒可以由米酿成。

6. 用于 make it:

(1) 表示事业获得成功。如:

You will make it if you try. 你会成功的,如果你努力的话。

He’s never really made it as an actor. 他当演员从未有所成就。

(2) 表示具体做成某事。如:

You needn’t worry; he will make it. 他不必担心,他会办成的。

If you want to make it, better get doing. 如果你想把这事干成,就该动手了。

(3) 表示设法做到某事。如:

I’ve been having violin lessons every two weeks, but I think I’ll make it every week from now on. 我一直是每两个星期上一次小提琴课,但是我想从现在起每个星期都上课。

(4) 表示及时赶上火车等。如:

The train leaves in five minutes—we’ll never make it. 火车再有5分钟就开了——我们绝对赶不上了。

(5) 表示及时抵达某地。如:

We are too late; I don’t think we can make it. 我们太迟了,我想我们难以准时赶到了。

I’m really sorry, but I won’t be able to make it (on) Sunday after all. 真的很抱歉,我星期天根本赶不到。

(6) 表示约定时间。如:

Let’s make it at 8:30. Is that all right for you? 我们约定在8点半吧,这对你合适吗?

A:Shall we make it next week? 下个星期可以吗?

B:OK, let’s make it next week. 好的,咱们就定在下个星期吧。

(7) 表示病情好转。如:

The doctor knew that the patient was unlikely to make it. 医生知道那个病人没什么希望了。

He had a high fever, but it doesn’t mean be couldn’t make it. 他发高烧,但这并不意味着他挺不过去。

注意,以下make it…结构中的it为形式宾语:

I have to make it clear that my family is poor. 我得说清楚我家里很穷。

I make it a rule to write in my diary every night. 我把每晚写日记当成一种习惯。
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