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高一英语必修一知识总结:必修一Unit1 Friendship(人教版)

发布时间:2020-10-17 11:17:23 阅读数:

Ⅰ. 常考单词必背

1.upset adj.心烦意乱的;不安的;不适的 vt.(upset,upset) 使不安;使心烦;打翻,碰倒;打乱

She was upset about losing her job.

她正为失去工作而心烦意乱。

Losing the ring upset her very much.

遗失戒指使她很心烦意乱。

[快速闪记]

be upset about/over/at sth 为某事心烦

upset oneself about sth 为某事而烦恼

2.ignore vt.不理睬;忽视

Either she didn't see me wave or she ignored me on purpose.

要么她没看见我招手,要么就是故意不理我。

[快速闪记]

ignorant adj.不了解的,无知的

ignorance n.不了解,无知

3.concern vt.(使)担忧;涉及;关系到  n.担心;关注;(利害)关系

The accident was concerned with the bus driver.

这次事故与公交车司机有关。

There is some cause for concern but no need for alarm.

是有点令人忧虑, 但不必惊慌。

[快速闪记]

concerned adj.担心的;关注的

be concerned about/for关心;担忧;挂念

be concerned with牵涉到……,与……有关

as/so far as...be concerned关于;至于;就……而言

4.power n.能力;力量;权力

The power was cut off and the street was entirely in darkness.断电后街道完全陷入了黑暗。

She was the one who had the power to hire or fire people.有权雇用或解雇人的是她。

[快速闪记]

(1)come to power上台,当权,表示动作,不能和一段时间连用。

(2)be in power当权,执政,表示状态,可以和一段时间连用。

(3)have the power to do sth 具有做某事的能力、权力

beyond/out of one's power某人力所不能及

5.settle vi.安家;定居;停留 vt.使定居;安排;解决

They calmed down and settled their problem soon.

他们镇静下来并很快把问题解决了。

Mr.Wang settled down in America soon after he got there.王先生到美国后不久就定居下来了。

[快速闪记]

(1)settle down舒适地坐下;安静下来;定居下来

settle down to sth/doing sth开始认真对待某事;定下心来做某事

(2)settlement n.解决;协议

6.suffer vt.& vi.遭受;忍受;经历

We'll suffer hunger one day if we don't care about the farmland.如果我们不关注农田,将来我们会挨饿的。

[快速闪记]

suffering n.痛苦;苦难 sufferer n.患病者;受难者

7.pack vi.& vt.捆扎;包装;打行李  n.小包;包裹

As soon as I graduated,I packed my bags and moved to the west of China.

一毕业我就收拾行李去了中国西部。

A pack of reporters were waiting outside for the latest news.

一群记者在外面等待最新消息。

[快速闪记]

a pack of一帮,一伙,一群,一包

8.disagree vi.不同意

It is difficult to disagree with the chairman on this point.

在这点上很难与主席持不同意见。

[快速闪记]

disagree with sb不同意某人

disagree about/on/over sth不同意某事

9.grateful adj.感激的;表示谢意的

I'm so grateful to you for all that you've done.

对于你所做的一切我非常感激。

[快速闪记]

be grateful to sb for sth 因某事而感激某人

be grateful to do sth 因做某事而感激

be grateful that...感激……

10.tip n.提示;技巧;尖;尖端;小费 vt.倾斜;翻倒

Take a safety tip from me—get that light mended!

听我一句安全建议吧——找人修修那盏灯!

The bottle tipped over and all the water spilled out.

瓶子倒了,水全洒了。

Ⅱ. 高频短语必会

1.add up合计;加起来

I'm going to add up all the money I have.

我要合计一下我所有的钱。

[快速闪记]

(1)add的意思是“把……加上去”,不是“增加”,如“增加工资”,应用increase或raise。

(2)add to增加;add up to合计达;add...to...把……加到……

Please add up the numbers and I'm sure they will add up to more than 1,000.

请把这些数字加起来,我确信它们加起来多于1 000。

2.calm(...) down (使)平静下来;(使)镇定下来

The crying child soon calmed down.

哭闹的小孩儿不一会儿就安静下来了。

3.go through 经历,经受;穿过;仔细检查;完成;用完

I went through the same thing last year.

我去年也经历了同样的事情。

I can't go through the book in one day.

这本书我一天看不完。

[快速闪记]

go up上升;攀登;增长;被建造起来

go with陪……一起去;伴随;与……相配

go without 没有,缺乏,将就;不言而喻,理所当然

go wrong出毛病;失败

4.set down 记下;放下;登记

I don't want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do.我不想像大多数人那样做的在日记里记下一系列的事实。

[快速闪记]

set down记下;放下;登记;让某人下车

set aside把……放在一边;省出,留出(钱或时间)

set up建立;创立;开办

set off动身;使爆炸

set about (doing) sth 开始/着手(做)某事

set out出发,动身;开始(后跟不定式)

5.a series of一连串的;一系列;一套

Then they began a series of experiments.

这时他们开始了一系列的试验。

6.on purpose 故意

I came here on purpose to see you.

我特地来这里看你。

7.in order to 为了……

In order to catch the train,she got up early.

为了赶上火车,她起床很早。

He decided to work harder so as to/in order to catch up with the others.

他决心更加努力学习,以便赶上其他人。

[快速闪记]

in order to为了……,表目的,后接动词原形,可位于句首或句中,相当于so as to,但后者不能位于句首。其否定形式为:in order not to/so as not to。

8.no longer/not...any longer 不再……

He was long a famous musician,but he plays no longer/doesn't play any longer.

他成为有名的音乐家已很久了,但他现在不演奏了。

9.suffer from遭受;患病

Do you often suffer from a headache?

你经常头痛吗?

[快速闪记]

(1)suffer后常接hunger,pain,loss,defeat,poverty,punishment,hardship,damage等名词作宾语。

(2)suffer from后常接表示疾病的名称或造成不幸、痛苦的事物的名称作宾语。

10.get/be tired of对……厌烦

get/be tired from/with因……而疲倦、劳累

11.fall in love 相爱;爱上

The first time Tom saw Mary,he fell in love with her.Tom第一次见到Mary就爱上了她。

[快速闪记]

(1)fall in love (with sb)爱上(某人),表示动作,不能与表示一段时间的状语连用。

(2)be in love (with sb) (与某人) 相爱,属状态性动词短语,可以与表示一段时间的状语连用。

12.join in参加;加入

They danced and danced until a lot of us joined in.

他们不停地跳着舞,直到我们中间许多人都参加了进去。

(1)join in指参加正在进行的活动,其宾语一般是竞赛、娱乐、谈话、讨论、聚会、游戏等名词,可用于join in (doing) sth/join sb in (doing) sth。

(2)join常指加入某组织或团体,并成为其中的一员,其宾语往往是the army/team/club或sb 等。

Ⅲ. 写作句式必学

1.Your friend can't go until he finishes cleaning his bicycle.

你的朋友直到擦完自行车之后才能去。

2.She broke your camera and you had to pay to get it repaired.她弄坏了你的照相机,你不得不花钱修好。

3.I wonder if it's because I haven't been able to be outdoors for so long that I've grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.

我不知道是不是因为我长期无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。

4.It's no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.

观看这些已经不再是乐趣,因为大自然是你必须亲身体验的。

5....it was the first time in a year and a half that I'd seen the night face to face...

……这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚……

6.She found it difficult to settle and calm down in the hiding place...

她觉得在藏身的地方难以安定和平静下来……

7.Mother asked her if/whether she was very hot with so many clothes on.妈妈问她穿这么多衣服是否很热。

8.I do want to change this situation,but I don't know how.

我确实想要改变这种情况,但是却不知道如何去做。

Ⅳ. 核心词汇集中串记

短文语法填空,然后背诵短文,熟记本单元的重点词汇。

Begin to love English

A teenager,__1__ (hide) behind the loose dusty curtain,packed up his overcoat into the suitcase.He planned to leave home __2__ dusk though there was thunder and lightning outdoors.He had got to do this because he was tired of his parents' nagging about his English study and did not want to go through it any __3__ (long).He couldn't get along well with English and __4__ (like) joining in English classes because he thought his teacher ignored him __5__ purpose. As __6__ result,his score in each exam never added up to over 60.

His partner was concerned about him very much. She understood __7__(exact) what he was suffering from,but entirely disagreed with his idea. In order to calm him down and settle his problem,she talked with him face to face and __8__ (swap) a series of learning tips with him. The __9__ (item) she set down helped him find the highway to studying English well.

The teenager was grateful and got great power from his friend's words. Now,he has recovered from being upset and__10__ (fall) in love with English.

【参考答案】

1.hiding 2.at 3.longer 4.disliked 5.on 6.a 7.exactly 8.swapped 9.items 10.has fallen

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