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高一英语必修一知识总结:Unit2 English around the world(人教版)

发布时间:2020-10-17 11:17:21 阅读数:

今天太阳abc和大家分享的是人教版必修一《Unit2 English around the world》常考单词、短语、写作句式讲解和核心词汇集中串记,打起精神学起来哟!

Ⅰ. 常考单词必背

1.native adj.本国的;本地的  n.本地人;本国人

The tiger is native to India. 这种虎原产于印度。

Are you a native,or just a visitor?你是本地人还是外来人?

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be native to 原产于,土生土长的

2.base vt. 以……为根据 n.基部;基地;基础

One should always base his opinion on facts.

一个人应该始终以事实为依据发表自己的观点。

[快速闪记]

base sth on/upon... 把……以……为基础/根据

base sth in/at 把(总部,基地)设在……

be based on/upon 以……为基础

at the base of 在……的底部;在……的基点

3.gradual adj.逐渐的;逐步的

The doctor noticed a gradual improvement in his patient.医生注意到病人在逐渐恢复健康。

[快速闪记]

gradually adv. 逐渐地;逐步地

4.latter adj.较后的;后半的;(两者中)后者的

He'll go to school in the latter part of the year.

后半年他将上学了。

This latter point is of great importance.

这后一个论点是非常重要的。

5.fluent adj.流利的;流畅的

She is fluent in five languages.她通晓五种语言。

[快速闪记]

fluently adv. 流利地;流畅地

6.frequent adj.频繁的;常见的

She was a fairly frequent visitor to the house.

她算是这家的常客。

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frequently adv. 常常;频繁地

7.command n.& vt.命令;指令;掌握

He has a hundred men under his command.

他指挥一百个人。

He commanded that I (should) complete my project ahead of time.他命令我提前完成我的项目。

[快速闪记]

(1)have a good command of精通(语言等)

under the command of sb =under sb's command

由……指挥;由……控制

take command of控制……

(2)command that sb (should) do sth 命令某人做某事

command sb to do sth 命令某人做某事

8.request n.& vt.请求;要求

I request that you (should) come here early.

我要求你早些来。

You are requested not to smoke in the theatre.

请不要在剧院里吸烟。

[快速闪记]

(1)make a request for请求;要求

at sb's request=at the request of sb 应某人的请求、要求

by request应……的请求,应邀

(2)request sb to do sth 要求某人做某事

request sth from sb (正式或礼貌地)向某人请求或要求某物

注意:request后跟宾语从句、表语从句或同位语从句时,从句中的谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”,should可省略。

9.recognize vt.辨认出;承认;公认

We all recognized him to be/as a wise leader.

我们都承认他是一位英明的领导。

[快速闪记]

(1)recognize sb as/to be...承认某人是……

recognize sth (as sth)承认;意识到……

recognize sb by...通过……认出某人

(2) recognition n.承认;认出

10.straight adv.直接;挺直  adj.直的;笔直的;正直的

There is a straight line under the sentence.

句子下面有一条直线。

He went straight from school to university.

他中学一毕业就马上进了大学。

Ⅱ. 高频短语必会

1.because of 因为;由于

Because it was raining outside,we had to stay at home.

由于外面在下雨,我们只好呆在家里。

[快速闪记]

(1)because of为介词短语,后接n./pron./v.-ing/what从句等作宾语。

(2)because是从属连词,引导原因状语从句。

2.come up走近;上来;提出

The sky was dark blue when the moon came up.

月亮出来时天空是深蓝色的。

A new suggestion came up at the meeting.

会上提出了一个新建议。

[快速闪记]

come up with提出

come about发生(常与how连用)

come out开花;出版,发表;罢工

come to共计,总计;(总数)达到

come along到达;跟着来

注意:come up被提及,其主语是被提出的内容,主动形式表示被动含义;come up with提出,其主语是提出动作的发出者,后面的宾语才是被提出的内容。

3.at present 现在;目前

Affairs at present are very unsettled.

目前的事态很不稳定。

4.make use of 利用;使用

We could make better use of our resources.

我们可以更有效地利用我们的资源。

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make good/full/little use of好好/充分/不充分利用

make the best/most of充分利用

5.play a part (in) 扮演一个角色;参与

He played an important part in carrying through the whole plan.他在完成整个计划中起着重要的作用。

[快速闪记]

play the part/role of扮演……的角色

take (an active) part in (积极)参加

6.more...than...比……更……,与其说……倒不如说……

He is more lucky than clever.

与其说他聪明,不如说他幸运。

[快速闪记]

more than one+单数名词,意为“不止一个……”,在语意上虽为复数,但作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

7.believe it or not信不信由你 (常用作插入语,也叫独立成分)

Believe it or not,I'm feeling quite homesick.

信不信由你,反正我觉得非常想家。

Ⅲ. 写作句式必学

1.Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don't speak the same kind of English.

以英语为母语的人能够互相理解,即便他们说的不是同一种英语。

2.It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.

当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础,而我们现在所说的英语则不是。

3.Do you know that there is more than one kind of English?

你知道有不止一种英语吗?

4.So by the 1600's Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before.

所以到17世纪,莎士比亚所用的词汇量比以前任何时期都多。

5.At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today.

起初大约在公元450年和公元1150年间,英国人所说的英语与人们现在所说的英语很不一样。

6.As we know,British English is a little different from American English.

众所周知,英式英语与美式英语有所不同。

7.Believe it or not,there is no such thing as standard English.信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。

8.This is because in the early days of radio,those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English.

这是因为在无线电初期,对新闻播音员的要求是讲一口极好的英语。

9.However,on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak.

但是,从电视和收音机上,你会听到人们不同的说话方式。

10.So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the same dialect as people in the northwestern USA.

所以来自美国东南部山区的人和来自美国西北部的人几乎说着同样的方言。

Ⅳ. 核心词汇集中串记

短文语法填空,然后背诵短文,熟记本单元的重点词汇。

Different Kinds of English in Different Countries

Voyages of people from England play an important part in __1__(spread) the English language.At present,English __2__(be) frequently spoken as an official or common language in many countries,such __3__ America,Singapore,Malaysia and some African countries.All __4__(base) on British English,the English spoken in these countries can be well understood by native English speakers.But __5__(actual),these kinds of English have been gradually changing in accents,spellings,__6__(express) and the usage of vocabulary.

Because of this fact,you can make use of the differences __7__(tell) which country the foreigners of your block are from.For example,__8__ a boss fluently commands his driver,“Come up straight to my apartment by elevator and take some gas for my trucks and cabs”,instead of requesting,“Please come to my flat by lift __9__ take some petrol for my lorries and taxis”,you can recognize __10__(he) American identity,while the latter suggests that he is British.

【参考答案】 

1.spreading 2.is 3.as 4.based 5.actually 6.expressions 7.to tell 8.if/when 9.and 10.his

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