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高一英语必修一知识总结:Unit2 English around the world(含答案和解析)

发布时间:2020-10-17 11:17:18 阅读数:

今天太阳abc带来人教版必修一Unit2 English around the world的知识点讲解,今天来做一下这个单元的练习吧,讲练结合、查漏补缺才会提高哦!

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.With our knowledge __based__(base) on practice, we can make great contributions to our country.

解析:考查非谓语动词。此处是with的复合结构,our knowledge与base构成逻辑上的动宾关系,故填过去分词。

2.Oprah(奥普拉), the queen of American daytime talk TV, __is_recognized__(recognize) as one of the most powerful women in the world.

解析:考查固定句式。be recognized as...被公认是……。

3.Though they found the road __blocked__(block), they decided to move on.

解析:考查非谓语动词。block与road构成逻辑上的动宾关系,故填过去分词。

4.Although this is the first time that the plan __has_come__(come) up at the meeting, it has caused much concern.

解析:考查固定句式。It is the first time that...句型中that从句谓语动词要用现在完成时。

5.According to the rules of the hotel, guests __are_requested__(request) to vacate their rooms by noon on one day of departure.

解析:考查时态和语态。规章制度用一般现在时,再由句意可知,用被动语态。

6.The manager gave his command that measures __(should)_be_taken__(take) immediately to correct all the mistakes made in marketing.

解析:考查虚拟语气。command所接名词性从句中应用“(should+)动词原形”的虚拟语气。再由句意可知,应用被动语态。

7.She was __more_worried__(worry) than angry when her daughter didn't come home.

解析:考查固定句式。more...than...与其……不如……。

8.I think in English study it is your attitude, not your teachers that __plays__(play) the key role.

解析:考查主谓一致。该句是一个含强调句型的句子;被强调部分是句子的主语部分,其真正主语是your attitude,故填单数第三人称形式。

9.With so many people __communicating__(communicate) in English every day, we can see that it will be more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.

解析:考查非谓语动词。该with复合结构中,people与 communicate之间构成逻辑上的主谓关系,故填communicating。

10.In Japan some firms even monitor whether their employees smile __frequently__(frequent) enough at customers.

解析:考查词性转换。修饰动词smile应用副词。

11.Sorry, I have no time left now.Can we discuss the matter __over__ supper?

解析:考查介词。句意:对不起,我现在没空。我们吃晚饭时讨论这件事,好吗?由句意可知,填over,意为“在……期间”相当于during。

12.The boss insisted that every minute __(should)be__(be) made full use of __to_do__(do) the work well.

解析:句意:为了做好工作,老板要求应该充分利用每分钟。insist后所接的宾语从句应该使用should+动词原形,且should可以省略;不定式to do the work well在句中作目的状语。

13.Marco Polo is said to have sailed on __the__ Pacific Ocean on his way to Java in __the__ thirteenth century.

解析:本题考查冠词。句意:据说马可·波罗在十三世纪去爪哇的路上在太平洋上航行过。在表示“江河湖海山脉群岛”的名词前加定冠词the;在世纪表达法中的序数词前面要用定冠词the。

14.The film star wears sunglasses.Therefore, he can go shopping without __being_recognized__(recognize).

解析:本题考查非谓语动词。句意:那位影星戴着墨镜,因此他可以在没人认出的情况下购物了。without为介词,后面接动名词形式;the film star与recognize之间存在被动关系,故用动名词的被动式,即“being done”结构。

15.The school isn't the one I really wanted to go to, but I suppose I'll just have to make __the__ best of it.

解析:句意:这个学校不是我真正想去的,但是我认为我不得不充分利用它了。make the best of充分利用,妥善处理。

Ⅱ. 完成句子

根据语境和汉语提示完成下列英语句子。

1.__Believe__ __it__ __or__ __not__ (信不信由你), there was a time when my son was crazy about computer games.

2.Having discussed the problem all afternoon, they finally __came__ __up__ __with__ (提出) a solution to it.

3.It is __because__ __of__(因为) education that the life of many people has been enriched.

4.Mobile phones __play__ __a__ __very__ __important__ __role__ __in__(起着重要的作用) our daily life __at__ __present__(现在).

5.Though she is young, she can set down a series of American cities __such__ __as__(例如) New York, Chicago, and Boston.

6.他的英语差。我们为什么不去帮他学英语呢?

His English is poor.__Why__ __don't__ __we(=Why_not)__ help him with his English?

7.他精通英语,这是因为他们非常努力地学英语并经常使用英语。

He has a good command of English.__This__ __is__ __because__ he works hard at it and uses it frequently.

8.只有充分利用时间,我们才能够按时完成任务。

Only by __making__ __good/full__ __use__ __of__ __our__ __time__ can we finish the task on time.

9.与其说他聪明,不如说他幸运。

He is more __lucky__ __than__ __clever__。

10.我觉得自食其力很重要,因为世上没有免费午餐之类的好事儿。

I think it important to depend on yourself, because there is no __such__ thing __as__ a free lunch in the world.

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.Believe it or not, there is no such a good thing as a free lunch.

__去掉such后的a__

2.The film is based on the novel written by Guo Jingming is popular among the youth.

__去掉第一个is或在其前加which或that__

3.He thought I had known the fact.But actual, I knew nothing about it.

__actual→actually__

4.Deeply sorry, I don't recognize you at first, for it has been a long time since we last met.

__don't→didn't__

5.Oil must be made full use to serve the people well.

__use后加上of__

6.A lot of advice came up with at yesterday's meeting.

__去掉with__

7.As far as I know,he was very angry because what you said just now.

__because后加上of__

8.More than one person have a good command of English in the research unit.

__have→has__

9.He requested that I must finish the task as soon as possible.

__must→should或去掉must__

10.This song is based an old folk song.

__based后加上on__

Ⅳ. 语篇填空

As we know, English is regarded as a global language, but the language doesn't stay the same.It has changed__1. over__ time.Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate__2. with__ each other.At first the English spoken in England was __3. based__(base) more on German than the English spoken __4. at__ present.Then the new settlers who ruled England __5. enriched__ (rich) the English language and especially its vocabulary.In 1620,some British __6. settlers__(settle) moved to America and by the 19th century the language __7. was_settled__(settle).English now is also spoken __8. as__ a foreign or second language in South Asia.From 1765 to 1947, English became the language for government and education.Today __9. the__ number of people learning English in China __10. is_increasing__(increase) rapidly.

Ⅴ. 教材原句

1.Today, __more__(many) people speak English as their first, second or a foreign language than ever before.

解析:根据“than ever before”可知此处填比较级。

2.The number of people __learning__(learn) English in China __is__ (be) increasing rapidly.

解析:第一空考查分词作定语,learn与people之间为主动关系,故填learning;第二空考查主谓一致,主语是the number,故谓语用单数is。

3.__Actually__(actual) all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate__with__each other.

解析:第一空考查词形转换,此处应填副词;第二空考查固定用法,communicate with “与……交流”。

4.Later in the 18th century some British people __were_taken__(take) to Australia too.

解析:考查时态和语态。people与take之间为被动关系,根据in the 18th century,可知填were taken。

5.__In__fact, China may have __the__ largest number of English learners.

解析:第一空为固定用法“事实上”;第二空考查最高级与the连用。

6.People from England made voyages __to_conquer__(conquer) other parts of the world and because __of__ that, English began to be spoken in many other countries.

解析:第一空为不定式作目的状语;第二空为固定用法。

7.The USA is a large country __where__ many different dialects are spoken.

解析:考查定语从句。从句中不缺主语和宾语,应填关系副词,且先行词表地点,故填where。

8.Many people believe the English __spoken__(speak) on TV and the radio is standard English.

解析:考查分词作定语。speak与English之间为被动关系,故填spoken。

Ⅵ. 话题写作

用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

1.现在,英语在我们的生活中所起的作用越来越重要。

Nowadays,English__is_playing_a_more_and_more_important_part__in our lives.

2.因为这一点,很多人正在努力学英语。

__Because_of__this,many people are learning English hard.

3.我们肯定会在英语学习中遇到很多问题,如词汇、语法等。

We must have__come_across__many problems in learning English,__such_as__vocabulary and grammar.

4.很多人提出了不同的方法来处理它们,比如学习英语应该以我们的课本为基础;我们应该充分利用每一分钟多读等。

Many people__come_up_with__different methods to deal with them,__for_example__,learning English should__be_based_on__our textbooks,and we should__make full use of__every minute to read more.

5.逐渐地你会发现你已经爱上了英语。

__Gradually__,you will find you have fallen in love with English.

6.只有用这种方法我们才能精通英语。

Only in this way can we __have_a_good_command_of_English__.

组篇公式:句4改为被动句+适当加入过渡词。

【参考答案】

Nowadays, English is playing a more and more important part in our lives.And because of this, many people are learning English hard.

We must have come across many problems in learning English, such as vocabulary and grammar.To deal with them, many people come up with different methods, for example,learning English should be based on our textbooks, and every minute should be made full use of to read more.Gradually, you will find you have fallen in love with English.Only in this way can we have a good command of English.

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